Table 1

Percentage change in malaria and non-malaria cases and deaths in 2007 compared to pre-intervention reference period, in selected health facilities, in persons < 5 years and ≥ 5 years, Ethiopia and Rwanda, from January to October each year. Positive percentage indicates decline, negative percentage indicates an increase.

MALARIA

NON-MALARIA


Indicator

Age (years)

Annual average, reference period

2007

Decline in 2007

Annual average, reference period

2007

Decline in 2007

Observed, compared to average over 2001–5/6*

Adjusted for linear trend over 2001–5/6† (95% CI)

Observed, compared to average over 2001–5/6*

Adjusted for linear trend over 2001–5/6† (95% CI)


Rwanda

In-patient cases

< 5

7,686

3,473

55%

64% (60–68)‡

6,043

7,793

-29%

9% (-7 – 20)

5+

10,250

4,403

57%

59% (53–64)‡

27,384

45,275

-65%

-7% (-20 – -3)

All

17,936

7,876

56%

61% (57–65)‡

33,427

53,068

-59%

-5% (-17 – -6)

In-patient deaths

< 5

153

51

67%

68% (56–75)‡

221

259

-17%

4% (-20 – 21)

5+

207

187

10%

8% (-32 – 29)

644

939

-46%

-10%(-30 – -6)

All

360

238

34%

34% (9–48)‡

865

1,198

-39%

-6% (-27 – -9)

Laboratory-confirmed out-patient cases

< 5

11,216

4,665

58%

63% (55–68)‡

38,996

61,108

-57%

4% (-7 – 13)

5+

19,221

9,254

52%

54% (39–62)‡

120,587

210,644

-75%

3% (-5 – 10)

All

30,437

13,919

54%

57% (46–64)‡

159,583

271,752

-70%

4% (-5 – 11)

Ethiopia

In-patient cases

< 5

866

232

73%

83% (79–86)‡

1,140

1,245

-9%

25% (20 – 30)‡

5+

3,381

1,093

68%

69% (6–82)‡

5,993

7,968

-33%

11% (4 – 16)‡

All

4,540

1,357

70%

75% (51–84)‡

7,263

9,391

-29%

14% (8 – 19)

In-patient deaths

< 5

11

4

62%

Too few data

23

20

13%

Too few data

5+

28

7

75%

3% (-103 – 54%)

65

45

31%

-117% (-150 – -71)

All

135

28

79%

84% (67–89)‡

294

408

-39%

-10% (-24 – -2)

Laboratory-confirmed out-patient cases

< 5

5,495

801

85%

69% (45–83%)‡

30,228

43,688

-45%

-15% (-30 – -3)‡

5+

17,903

2,841

84%

91% (87–93)‡

160,339

162,565

-1%

20% (12 – 26)‡

All

31,493

6,131

81%

85% (77–89)‡

184,777

209,244

-13%

4% (-7 – 12)


* Reference period was 2001–2006 for Rwanda and 2001–2005 for Ethiopia

† Percentage change was calculated by comparing reported number of cases/deaths in 2007 with predicted number of cases/deaths in 2007 based on linear trend of 2001 to 2005/6.

‡ Significant difference. A 95% CI not including the 0% value indicates that the difference in 2007 compared to the pre-intervention period was statistically significant (p < 0.025).

Otten et al. Malaria Journal 2009 8:14   doi:10.1186/1475-2875-8-14

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