Open Access Research

Efficacy of applying self-assessment of larviciding operation, Chabahar, Iran

Mansour Ranjbar1, Khodadad Gorgij2, Mahdi Mohammadi2, Ali Akbar Haghdoost3, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam2*, Fatemeh Nikpour4, Masoud Salehi2, Mohammad Sakeni2, Abdolghafar Hasanzahi2, Phanthip Olanratmanee1 and Pattamaporn Kittayapong1

Author Affiliations

1 Center for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases and Department of Biology, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

2 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 Physiology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran

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Malaria Journal 2012, 11:329  doi:10.1186/1475-2875-11-329

Published: 17 September 2012

Abstract

Background

Appropriate supervision, along with availability of an effective system for monitoring and evaluation, is a crucial requirement to guarantee sufficient coverage and quality of malaria vector control procedures. This study evaluated the efficacy of self-assessment practice as a possible innovative method towards achieving high coverage and excellent quality of larviciding operation in Iran.

Methods

The research was conducted on the randomly selected rural health centre of Kanmbel Soliman with 10 staff and 30 villages, in three main steps: (i) assessment of effectiveness of larviciding operations in the study areas before intervention through external assessment by a research team; (ii) self-assessment of larviciding operations (intervention) by staff every quarter for three rounds; and, (iii) determining the effectiveness of applying self-assessment of larviciding operations in the study areas. Two toolkits were used for self-assessment and external evaluation. The impact of self-assessment of larviciding operations was measured by two indicators: percentage of missed breeding habitats and cleaned breeding habitats among randomly selected breeding sites. Moreover, the correlation coefficients were measured between self-assessment measures and scores from external evaluation. The correlation coefficient and Mann Whitney test were used to analyse data.

Results

Following the utilization of self-assessment, the percentage of missed breeding habitats decreased significantly from 14.23% to 1.91% (P <0.001). Additionally, the percentage of cleaned breeding habitats among randomly selected breeding sites increased from 66.89% to 95.28% (P <0.001). The external evaluation also showed significant effects of self-assessment in performance of vector control; the maximum effect of intervention were seen in an action plan for monitoring and evaluation of larviciding operations at field level, geographical reconnaissance for the registration of breeding habitats and worker skills related to larviciding.

Before intervention, the results of self-assessment practice were compatible with external evaluation in 76.3% of 139 reviewed reports of self-assessment. After intervention, the findings of self-assessment and external evaluation were similar in the vast majority of reviewed reports (95%).

Conclusion

The self-assessment tool seems to be valid and reliable in improving effectiveness of larviciding operations. Furthermore, the result of self-assessment is more compatible with external evaluation results if it would be applied frequently. Therefore, it can be used as an alternative assessment technique in the evaluation of larviciding operations in addition to traditional assessment methods.

Keywords:
Malaria; Larviciding; Self-assessment; Action research; Monitoring; Evaluation