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Operational efficiency and sustainability of vector control of malaria and dengue: descriptive case studies from the Philippines

Henk van den Berg1*, Raman Velayudhan2, Antonietta Ebol3, Ben HG Catbagan4, Romulo Turingan5, Marisol Tuso6 and Jeffrey Hii7

Author Affiliations

1 Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8031, 6700EH Wageningen, The Netherlands

2 Vector Ecology and Management, Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

3 Center for Health Development, Davao City, Philippines

4 City Health Office, Mati, Philippines

5 Center for Health Development, Tuguegarao, Philippines

6 Movement Against Malaria Programme, Pilipinas Shell Foundation, Inc., Butuan, Philippines

7 World Health Organization Representative's Office in the Philippines, Manila, Philippines

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Malaria Journal 2012, 11:269  doi:10.1186/1475-2875-11-269

Published: 8 August 2012



Analysis is lacking on the management of vector control systems in disease-endemic countries with respect to the efficiency and sustainability of operations.


Three locations were selected, at the scale of province, municipality and barangay (i.e. village). Data on disease incidence, programme activities, and programme management were collected on-site through meetings and focus group discussions.


Adaptation of disease control strategies to the epidemiological situation per barangay, through micro-stratification, brings gains in efficiency, but should be accompanied by further capacity building on local situational analysis for better selection and targeting of vector control interventions within the barangay. An integrated approach to vector control, aiming to improve the rational use of resources, was evident with a multi-disease strategy for detection and response, and by the use of combinations of vector control methods. Collaboration within the health sector was apparent from the involvement of barangay health workers, re-orientation of job descriptions and the creation of a disease surveillance unit. The engagement of barangay leaders and use of existing community structures helped mobilize local resources and voluntary services for vector control. In one location, local authorities and the community were involved in the planning, implementation and evaluation of malaria control, which triggered local programme ownership.


Strategies that contributed to an improved efficiency and sustainability of vector control operations were: micro-stratification, integration of vector control within the health sector, a multi-disease approach, involvement of local authorities, and empowerment of communities. Capacity building on situational analysis and vector surveillance should be addressed through national policy and guidelines.

Community participation; Elimination; Empowerment; Health systems; Integrated vector management; Inter-sectoral collaboration; Micro-stratification